What environment does shale form in

How Does Phyllite Form? Phyllite was originally a fine-grained sedimentary rock such as shale or mudstone, composed mainly of clay minerals in a semi-random orientation. The rock was then buried and subjected to enough directed pressure to move the clay mineral grains towards parallel alignment, and enough heat and chemical activity to begin transforming the clay mineral grains into chlorite ...

What environment does shale form in. How Does Slate Form? The tectonic environment for producing slate is usually a former sedimentary basin that becomes involved in a convergent plate boundary. Shales and mudstones in that basin are compressed by horizontal forces with minor heating. These forces and heat modify the clay minerals in the shale and mudstone.

NOAA Weather Forecast Model. Extracting Gas from Shale. interactive. Model 1: Hydraulic Fracturing. 1. Activate students' prior knowledge about natural gas. Tell students the United States has produced natural gas commercially for over 100 years. Show the Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production Graph. (In media carousel; click the download ...

Shale forms in an environment that consists of calm water: for example, water near the shores of large lakes or continental shelves at sea edges. The calmness of the water allows suspended particles like clay to eventually sink and settle in the bottom of the lake or sea.Conglomerate Composition. Conglomerate is a type of sedimentary rock that is composed primarily of rounded or water-worn pebbles, cobbles, and boulders, which are known as clasts. These clasts are typically cemented together by a matrix of finer-grained sedimentary material, such as sand, silt, or clay.Shale forms in an environment that consists of calm water: for example, water near the shores of large lakes or continental shelves at sea edges. The calmness of the water allows suspended particles like clay to eventually sink and settle in the bottom of the lake or sea.Glauconite is a green-colored mineral. It is structurally similar to micas and is sometimes considered to be one of the mica minerals. Despite that it appears usually in rounded ill-formed platelets which are not at all similar to typical flakes of common micas like muscovite and biotite. However, it still possesses perfect cleavage like other ...Jul 10, 2011 · The table below includes specific environments where various types of sediments are deposited and common rocks, structures, and fossils that aid in deducing the depositional environment from examining a sedimentary rock outcrop. Although this is not a complete list, it is a good introduction to depositional environments. Continental. Transitional.

Siltstone. Siltstone is a clastic sedimentary rock that formed from grains whose sized between that of sandstone and mudstone. It can found different environmental conditions different color and textures. Siltstone generally are red and gray color with flat bedding planes. Darker colored siltstone have plant fossils and other carbon-rich matter.Shale is a soft, brittle, fine-grained, and easily eroded sedimentary rock formed from mineral-rich silt, or mud, that was deposited in an aquatic environment, buried by other sediment, and compacted and cemented into hard rock. When exposed at the surface by erosion, shale weathers into thin layers called plates. Type Sedimentary Rock Origin Detrital/Clastic Texture Clastic; Very fine-grained (< 0.004 mm) Composition Clay minerals, Quartz Color Brown Miscellaneous Blocky Depositional Environment Flood Plain, Lake (away from shore), Mid-continental Shelf, Delta, Tidal Flat, Lagoon, or Deep Marine Type Sedimentary Rock Origin Detrital/Clastic Texture Clastic; …A sediment is considered mature when it has been well-rounded, well-sorted, and contains a high level of quartz. How do sedimentary rocks form? By which processes do they form? Sedimentary rocks form by lithification of sediment, by crystallization from solution, or by consolidation of remains of organisms. These are called detrital, chemical ...In a sedimentary sequence, alternating sandstone, shale, and limestone generally indicates a marine environment. Almost all limestone is deposited in the ocean. The sandstones and shale would contain fossils of marine organisms. The shales would almost certainly have no mudcracks. off the continental shelf (Figs. 5-33, 5-34)Type Sedimentary Rock Origin Detrital/Clastic Texture Clastic; Very fine-grained (< 0.004 mm) Composition Clay minerals, Quartz Color Brown Miscellaneous Blocky Depositional Environment Flood Plain, Lake (away from shore), Mid-continental Shelf, Delta, Tidal Flat, Lagoon, or Deep Marine Type Sedimentary Rock Origin Detrital/Clastic Texture Clastic; Very fine-grained (< 0.004 mm) Composition ... Greywacke. Greywacke is variation of sandstone that saperate from other to hardness, dark color, and poorly sorted angular grains of quartz and feldspar .. It is a textural immature sedimentary rock found in the Paleozoic layers. Larger grains can be from sand to pebble length, and matrix materials are in the order of 15% by volume of rocks.

Table of Contents What is Shale Rock? What Type of Rock is Shale? Properties of Shale Rock Shale Formation: How is Shale Formed? Shale Depositional Environment How is Shale Used?...Sep 29, 2023 · Shale, any of a group of fine-grained, laminated sedimentary rocks consisting of silt- and clay-sized particles. Shale is the most abundant of the sedimentary rocks, accounting for roughly 70 percent of this rock type in the crust of the Earth. Shales are often found with layers of sandstone or. Shale forms from the pressure of layers of sediment compressing bits of silt that settle into the clay on the bottom of bodies of water. The compressed clay and silt become shale over time. Shale is a sedimentary rock.What is the composition of conglomerate rock? The clasts of the conglomerate sedimentary rock are made of sandstone, basalt, granite, limestone, calcite, mud, sand, quartz, and gneiss.What type of environment does shale form in? Slow moving aquatic. Fast moving aquatic. ... Shale rocks may not seem like much when compared to other, more precious minerals. However, shale is ...

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Oil Shale is a rock that contains significant amounts of organic material in the form of kerogen. Up to 1/3 of the rock can be solid organic material. Liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons can be extracted from the oil shale, but the rock must be heated and/or treated with solvents.Shale formations are a worldwide occurrence (see Chapter 2). Shale is a geological rock formation rich in clay, typically derived from fine sediments, deposited in fairly quiet …Shale is the most common sedimentary rock, accounting for about 70 percent of the rock in the Earth's crust. Shale is a fine-grained rock made from compacted mud and clay. The defining characteristic of shale is its ability to break into layers or fissility. Black and gray shale are common, but the rock can occur in any color.Type Sedimentary Rock Origin Detrital/Clastic Texture Clastic; Very fine-grained (< 0.004 mm) Composition Clay minerals, Quartz Color Brown Miscellaneous Blocky Depositional Environment Flood Plain, Lake (away from shore), Mid-continental Shelf, Delta, Tidal Flat, Lagoon, or Deep Marine Type Sedimentary Rock Origin Detrital/Clastic Texture Clastic; Very fine-grained (< 0.004 mm) Composition ...The table below includes specific environments where various types of sediments are deposited and common rocks, structures, and fossils that aid in deducing the depositional environment from examining a sedimentary rock outcrop. Although this is not a complete list, it is a good introduction to depositional environments. Continental. Transitional.Broken pieces of shale rock. [1] Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock that is formed when silt and clay are compressed. It is composed of many thin layers, and it readily splits into thin pieces where these layers meet—making it a relatively brittle stone. [2] Shale is composed of small grains and various minerals along with organic ...

Shale · clastic sedimentary rock . · Shale is well-sorted with silt, mud, or clay-sized clasts that are tightly packed into a solid matrix. It is most easily ...Shale forms in an environment that consists of calm water: for example, water near the shores of large lakes or continental shelves at sea edges. The calmness of the water allows suspended particles like clay to eventually sink and settle in the bottom of the lake or sea. ... and form shale. When extensive organic material such as from plankton ...Black shales are source rocks for petroleum and natural gas, and thus are both geologically and economically important. Here, we review our recent progress in ...The most abundant sedimentary rock around the world—Shale, is the great archive of the global carbon cycle and related paleoclimate and paleoceanography in …How Does Phyllite Form? Phyllite was originally a fine-grained sedimentary rock such as shale or mudstone, composed mainly of clay minerals in a semi-random orientation. The rock was then buried and subjected to enough directed pressure to move the clay mineral grains towards parallel alignment, and enough heat and chemical activity to begin transforming the clay mineral grains into chlorite ...Table of Contents. Sedimentary rock - Limestone Formation, Calcium Carbonate, Fossils: Limestones originate mainly through the lithification of loose carbonate sediments. Modern carbonate sediments are generated in a variety of environments: continental, marine, and transitional, but most are marine. The present-day Bahama banks is the best ...When the oil shale deposits form the direct floors of the coal seams ... Zhou ZQ, Dong QS, Hou GF, et al. The forming environment and sedimentary evolution of the oil shale intergrowth with salt alkali …Shale producers will keep oil prices low for at least another two years. OPEC is once again at odds with the market. This time, it’s not about the cartel’s strategy to dominate the oil trade. Instead, OPEC is in a debate with industry analy...black shale, also called Carboniferous Shale, variety of shale that contains abundant organic matter, pyrite, and sometimes carbonate nodules or layers and, in some locations, concentrations of copper, nickel, uranium, and vanadium. Fossils are rare in the shale and either are replaced by pyrite or are preserved as a film of graphite. Coal, oil and natural gas typically form in sedimentary rocks. When carbon-rich organic materials, such as leaves, are deposited in stagnant water such as a bog or swamp with a low oxygen content it may not fully decay. If this happens and sediment is deposited on top, a coal bed can eventually form. Many of the largest coal beds in the world ...The Mancos Shale is an important source of natural gas in the western United States. This rock unit formed during the Late Cretaceous (100 to 66 million years ago) from sediment deposited in a vast seaway (the Cretaceous Interior Seaway) that spanned from the Gulf of Mexico to Canada. Why does shale form in deep ocean environments?

Table of Contents. Sedimentary rock - Limestone Formation, Calcium Carbonate, Fossils: Limestones originate mainly through the lithification of loose carbonate sediments. Modern carbonate sediments are generated in a variety of environments: continental, marine, and transitional, but most are marine. The present-day Bahama banks is the best ...

Chert is a sedimentary rock composed of microcrystalline or cryptocrystalline quartz, the mineral form of silicon dioxide (SiO 2 ). It occurs as nodules, concretionary masses, and as layered deposits. Chert breaks with a conchoidal fracture, often producing very sharp edges. Early people took advantage of how chert breaks and used it to fashion ... Shale is most commonly found in areas where ancient seabeds have been uplifted and exposed on the surface, usually interbedded in large packages with other ...A shale with at least 1% carbonaceous material indicating a reducing environment. A dark, thinly laminated carbonaceous shale, exceptionally rich in organic matter (5% or more carbon content) and sulfide (esp. iron sulfide, usually pyrite), and often containing unusual concentrations of certain trace elements (U, V, Cu, Ni).Feb 19, 2017 ... What's the diference between claystone, silt, mud, mudstone, mudrock, clay, shale and siltstone? ... does not become clay in a chemical sense ...The environment that deposited the material. Conglomerates may form from glacial, alluvial, fluvial, deepwater marine, or shallow marine environments. Properties and Uses . The key characteristic of conglomerate is the presence of readily visible, rounded clasts bound within a matrix. The clasts tend to feel smooth to the touch, although the ...It is obvious that the oceanic setting at the time of black shale formation was anoxic; hence the expression “Oceanic Anoxic Event” was introduced to denote the events in the mid-1970s. 9) Sedimentologically, the presence of fine laminae in black shale is a smoking gun of bottom-water anoxia (Fig. (Fig.1 1). 50) Fine laminae in black shale ...sedimentary rock. Sedimentary rock - Sandstones, Clastic Rocks, Stratification: Sandstones are siliciclastic sedimentary rocks that consist mainly of sand-size grains (clast diameters from 2 to 116 millimetre) either bonded together by interstitial chemical cement or lithified into a cohesive rock by the compaction of the sand-size framework ...Shale forms via compaction from particles in slow or quiet water, such as river deltas, lakes, swamps, or the ocean floor. Heavier particles sink and form sandstone and limestone, while clay and fine silt remain suspended in water. Over time, compressed sandstone and limestone become shale.Conglomerate is a clastic sedimentary rock made up of rounded clasts that are greater than two millimeters in diameter. The spaces between the clasts are generally filled with sand- and clay-size particles. The rock is bound together by a cement that is usually composed of calcite or quartz.

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How Does Slate Form? The tectonic environment for producing slate is usually a former sedimentary basin that becomes involved in a convergent plate boundary. Shales and mudstones in that basin are compressed by horizontal forces with minor heating. These forces and heat modify the clay minerals in the shale and mudstone. Greywacke is variation of sandstone that saperate from other to hardness, dark color, and poorly sorted angular grains of quartz and feldspar..It is a textural immature sedimentary rock found in the Paleozoic layers. Larger grains can be from sand to pebble length, and matrix materials are in the order of 15% by volume of rocks.A deep color …The greywacke ranges of the southeastern part of Auckland Province, and the younger greywackes of Coromandel Peninsula, include Jurassic components of the axial facies (Torlesse Group). They also form basement inliers east of the North Island main ranges and in Marlborough Province in the South Island. The basement rocks of the Inland Kaikoura ...Conglomerate Composition. Conglomerate is a type of sedimentary rock that is composed primarily of rounded or water-worn pebbles, cobbles, and boulders, which are known as clasts. These clasts are typically cemented together by a matrix of finer-grained sedimentary material, such as sand, silt, or clay.Basalt is a dark-colored, fine-grained, igneous rock composed mainly of plagioclase and pyroxene minerals. It most commonly forms as an extrusive rock, such as a lava flow, but can also form in small intrusive bodies, such as an igneous dike or a thin sill. It has a composition similar to gabbro.Shale is most commonly found in areas where ancient seabeds have been uplifted and exposed on the surface, usually interbedded in large packages with other sedimentary …Nov 17, 2021 · They are usually located at or near where the land meets the sea. Transitional sandstone environments include deltas beaches, lagoons, tidal flats, salt marshes, and barrier islands. Delta is a sandstone marine depositional environment located at the mouth of a river. Possible cross-beds and ripple marks characterize it. Well I guess all that is left to discuss is the sedimentary rocks that are form on alluvial fans. ... environments, but in some alluvial fan sequences, the shales ...Aug 22, 2023 · Shale is a laminated or fissile clastic sedimentary rock that composed of predominance of silt and clay other minerals , especially quartz and calcite. Characteristic properties of shale is breaks along thin laminae or parallel layering or bedding called fissility. It is most abundant sedimentary rock. ….

Oil Shale is a rock that contains significant amounts of organic material in the form of kerogen. Up to 1/3 of the rock can be solid organic material. Liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons can be extracted from the oil shale, but the rock must be heated and/or treated with solvents. Sandstone depositional environments. The depositional environments are very important and determine the reservoir quality. They sandstone beds range from terrestrial to deep marine, including: Fluvial (alluvial fans, river sediments); Deltaic (levees, distributary deposits ,mouth bars and other sediments formed where river meets a lake or sea); Aeolian(wind-blown dune sands formed in coastal ...Dolomite, also known as " dolostone " and " dolomite rock ," is a sedimentary rock composed primarily of the mineral dolomite, CaMg (CO 3) 2. Dolomite is found in sedimentary basins worldwide. It is thought to form by the postdepositional alteration of lime mud and limestone by magnesium-rich groundwater. Dolomite and limestone are very similar ...Oolitic limestones are popular building materials, for example Cotswold limestone (oolitic limestone), as they are hard, resist erosion and come in a variety of hues and colours. As they have an even structure they can be cut or sculpted in any direction. Take a look at some of the older, stone buildings in your town.Oct 19, 2023 · Oil shale is a type of sedimentary rock that is rich in kerogen. Kerogen is a part of rock that breaks down and releases hydrocarbons when heated. Hydrocarbons are substances made entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Petroleum and natural gas are probably the most familiar hydrocarbons. The hydrocarbons in oil shale can be used as an alternative to ... The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is working to address this issue. Some old offshore oil rigs are tipped over and left on the sea floor in a Rigs-to-Reefs program. Within a year after a rig is toppled, barnacles, coral, sponges, clams, and other sea creatures cover the rig. These artificial reefs attract fish and other marine life, and ...a) solidification of lava. b) heating adjacent to underground magma. c) squeezing by tectonic forces. d) burial to great depths. e) metamorphic rocks can form in all of these environments. a) solidification of lava. We have an expert-written solution to this problem!Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like What types of rocks do fossils tend to form in?, What type of environment does shale tend to form in?, What type of environment does sandstone tend to form in? and more.Oct 19, 2023 · Oil shale is a type of sedimentary rock that is rich in kerogen. Kerogen is a part of rock that breaks down and releases hydrocarbons when heated. Hydrocarbons are substances made entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Petroleum and natural gas are probably the most familiar hydrocarbons. The hydrocarbons in oil shale can be used as an alternative to ... Claystone or clayband ironstones have been the basis of the steel industry in many industrialized countries, largely because of their association with coalfields. Essentially, they are accumulations of iron carbonates (usually siderite) that have replaced the non-marine shales of coal-measure cyclothems (parasequences) and occur as either thin ... What environment does shale form in, Shale forms via compaction from particles in slow or quiet water, such as river deltas, lakes, swamps, or the ocean floor. Heavier particles sink and form sandstone and limestone, while clay and fine silt remain suspended in water. Over time, compressed sandstone and limestone become shale., Shale refers to a rock formed from: sand sized material plant remains clay minerals carbonate. Which one of the following is a biochemical sedimentary rock? sand sized material coal shale conglomerate. A clastic rock is: a rock formed from the cementation of transported grains a rock formed from evaporation of sea water transformed by heat into ... , Shale is a laminated or fissile clastic sedimentary rock that composed of predominance of silt and clay other minerals , especially …, NOAA Weather Forecast Model. Extracting Gas from Shale. interactive. Model 1: Hydraulic Fracturing. 1. Activate students' prior knowledge about natural gas. Tell students the United States has produced natural gas …, How Does Slate Form? The tectonic environment for producing slate is usually a former sedimentary basin that becomes involved in a convergent plate boundary. Shales and mudstones in that basin are compressed by horizontal forces with minor heating. These forces and heat modify the clay minerals in the shale and mudstone., Shale represents probably the most interesting of the categories of sedimentary rocks, and it's in the shales that we often find a lot of information about the past environment. The shales tend to collect a lot of this material. Okay, the chemical sedimentary rocks have interlocking grains that under the microscope look similar to igneous rocks., Aeolian, sometimes spelled eolian or œolian, are deposits of windblown sediments. Since wind has a much lower carrying capacity than water, aeolian deposits typically consist of clast sizes from fine dust to sand [ 52 ]. Fine silt and clay can cross very long distances, even entire oceans suspended in the air., In a sedimentary sequence, alternating sandstone, shale, and limestone generally indicates a marine environment. Almost all limestone is deposited in the ocean. The sandstones and shale would contain fossils of marine organisms. The shales would almost certainly have no mudcracks. off the continental shelf (Figs. 5-33, 5-34), Oil shale is just one unconventional oil source that's being researched. Learn how oil shale could save the day when — and if — we hit peak oil in the U.S. Advertisement Pe­ople who owe money have a way of turning the table on their credito..., Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like What types of rocks do fossils tend to form in?, What type of environment does shale tend to form in?, What type of environment does sandstone tend to form in? and more. , Figure 5.3.1 5.3. 1: Enlarged image of frosted and rounded windblown sand grains. Medium-grained rocks composed mainly of sand are called sandstone, or sometimes arenite if well sorted. Sediment grains in sandstone can having a wide variety of mineral compositions, roundness, and sorting., Which of these was required to form shale? O A. melting O B. evaporating O C ... Q: Under what conditions does evaporation occur rapidly, and when does it occur ..., Oil Shale is a rock that contains significant amounts of organic material in the form of kerogen. Up to 1/3 of the rock can be solid organic material. Liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons can be extracted from the oil shale, but the rock must be heated and/or treated with solvents., Structure—Shale can form thick, dense deposits, but shale response to tectonic forces is quite different from sandstone. Shale responds to deformation by forming numerous lenticular shear planes having separations measured in millimeters to centimeters. Hence, shale tends to be weak, requiring support for bearing loads. , Conglomerate is a clastic sedimentary rock that shaped from rounded gravel and boulder sized clasts cemented or in a matrix supperted. The rounding of the clasts show that rocks have been transported a long way from their source or on a seaside tide to wave movement. The clast cement is usually calcite, silica or iron oxide but the matrix can consist only of the cementing cloth, however can ..., It’s been just over a decade since Unconventional Oil and Gas development began in earnest in the Marcellus Shale, a dense shale formation that, along with the deeper and larger Utica Shale, covers much of the mid-Atlantic United States. Since January 2008, approximately 15,939 wells have been drilled and fracked at 5674 sites across these ..., Shale forms in an environment that consists of calm water: for example, water near the shores of large lakes or continental shelves at sea edges. The calmness of the water allows suspended particles like clay to eventually sink and settle in the bottom of the lake or sea., Conglomerate is a clastic sedimentary rock that shaped from rounded gravel and boulder sized clasts cemented or in a matrix supperted. The rounding of the clasts show that rocks have been transported a long way from their source or on a seaside tide to wave movement. The clast cement is usually calcite, silica or iron oxide but the matrix can consist only of the cementing cloth, however can ..., What is the composition of conglomerate rock? The clasts of the conglomerate sedimentary rock are made of sandstone, basalt, granite, limestone, calcite, mud, sand, quartz, and gneiss., Oolite. Oolite is a sedimentary rock made up of ooids (ooliths) that are cemented together. Most oolites are limestones — ooids are made of calcium carbonate (minerals aragonite or calcite ). Ooids are spheroidal grains with a nucleus and mineral cortex accreted around it which increases in sphericity with distance from the nucleus. , Deltas Deltas form where rivers and streams enter larger bodies of water. They often contain fluvial-type deposits as well as swampy environments. Sandstone, siltstone, shale Shoreline Environments Beaches Beaches occur on the margins of large bodies of water. They generally contain deposits of well-sorted, medium-grained sediment with planar, Lamination in a piece of travertine.In this case the layering was caused by seasonal differences in sediment supply. This rock was part of the Roman aqueduct of Mons/Montauroux–Fréjus and was most probably derived from the karst area in the vicinity.. In geology, lamination (from Latin lāmina 'thin layer') is a small-scale sequence of fine …, Black shale, variety of shale that contains abundant organic matter, pyrite, and sometimes carbonate nodules or layers and, in some locations, concentrations of copper, nickel, uranium, and vanadium. Fossils are rare in the shale and either are replaced by pyrite or are preserved as a film of g., Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed primarily of calcite, a calcium carbonate mineral with a chemical composition of CaCO 3. It usually forms in clear, calm, warm, shallow marine waters. Limestone is usually a biological sedimentary rock, forming from the accumulation of shell, coral, algal, fecal, and other organic debris., ADVERTISEMENT What is Shale? Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock that forms from the compaction of silt and clay-size mineral particles that we commonly call "mud." This composition places shale in a category of sedimentary rocks known as " mudstones ." Shale is distinguished from other mudstones because it is fissile and laminated. , Black shales are source rocks for petroleum and natural gas, and thus are both geologically and economically important. Here, we review our recent progress in ..., Apr 22, 2019 ... The sedimentary environments which are conducive to the development of oil shale mainly include lakes, lake swamps, lagoons, and marine ..., Mudstone. Mudstone or mudrock, previously and more commonly termed shale, can form thick intervals in deepwater settings, ranging from several cm to kilometers in thickness ( Potter et al., 2005 ). Mudstone consists of a variety of types, and this heterogeneity is outlined in Boulesteix et al. (2020); principally by mudstone that is derived ... , Shale refers to a rock formed from: sand sized material plant remains clay minerals carbonate. Which one of the following is a biochemical sedimentary rock? sand sized material coal shale conglomerate. A clastic rock is: a rock formed from the cementation of transported grains a rock formed from evaporation of sea water transformed by heat into ..., Shale can be found in a wide range of environments, including marine basins, deep-sea environments, and even ancient lake or swamp deposits. Its abundance and ..., Physical form of the igneous rock. Examples of intrusions include sills (horizontal layers of rock) (e.g. the Palisade sill), dikes (vertical intrusions) and plutons (large masses). Extrusives include lava, pumice, and ash from volcanoes. (Note: lava refers only to a particular form of extrusive igneous rocks.) Station 3 , Vocabulary Oil shale is a type of sedimentary rock that is rich in kerogen. Kerogen is a part of rock that breaks down and releases hydrocarbons when heated. Hydrocarbons are substances made entirely …, ADVERTISEMENT What is Shale? Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock that forms from the compaction of silt and clay-size mineral particles that we commonly call "mud." This composition places shale in a category of sedimentary rocks known as " mudstones ." Shale is distinguished from other mudstones because it is fissile and laminated.